Birth & Midwifery in Norway
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Tine Greve received her midwifery education in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1991 and has been an IBCLC since 2000. She has been working in an alternative birth-care (ABC) unit in Oslo, Norway since 1997. Tine also started the first breastfeeding-counselling clinic in Norway in 2000. She has recently been working part-time at the National Breastfeeding Center in Oslo.
Tine's three children are all born in ABC units; the two youngest are waterbabies.
What is the biggest challenge facing normal birth in your country and what is being done to address it?
Even though almost all births are attended by midwives and we do have a great deal of autonomy in our work, we face challenges: increasing cesarean and induction rates, as well as an extended use of augmentation, even in what’s supposed to be a physiological birth.
Due to a centralization process, many small birth units have been closed, or are in danger of closing, and the birthing women transferred to larger hospitals. In rural areas it is not uncommon to have several hours of transport to the nearest hospital. All communities are obliged to provide midwifery services to pregnant women, which includes transport in labour.
— Tine Greve